Consult more than documents with no limitation. The independence of India in August was the result of a long process which started after the First World War. Indeed in Parliament had passed the Government of India Act which was designed to organize provincial governments in India. Then, before and the outbreak of the Second World War, there were moves by Great Britain to give more self-government to India. Both major parties of the British National Government were committed to giving more autonomy to the eleven Indian Provinces through the Government of India Act. Even if the provincial governments had more and more power, the essential functions were still in hands of the British Viceroy and the British government was still responsible for foreign and defense affairs.
The British Raj in India
British Rule in India and the Response of Indian Society | Bartleby
Britain ruled India for about years, a period that was marred with extreme poverty and famine. India's wealth depleted in these two centuries. Renowned economist Utsa Patnaik, who has done a research on the fiscal relations between Colonial India and Britain, has tried to answer a question many Indians are likely to be interested to know -- how much money did Britishers take away from India? Patnaik said the scars of colonisation remain despite Britain leaving India over 70 years ago. Click here to Enlarge. She added Indians were never given due credit for their precious resources like gold and forex earnings, which all went to feed the people of the British country.
Leaving Cert History Guide
The very idea of the British Raj—the British rule over India—seems inexplicable today. Consider the fact that Indian written history stretches back almost 4, years, to the civilization centers of the Indus Valley Culture at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Also, by , India had a population of at least million. Britain, on the other hand, had no indigenous written language until the 9th century CE almost 3, years after India.
The full extent of the destruction of Britain's colonial government records during the retreat from empire was disclosed on Thursday with the declassification of a small part of the Foreign Office's vast secret archive. Fifty-year-old documents that have finally been transferred to the National Archive show that bonfires were built behind diplomatic missions across the globe as the purge — codenamed Operation Legacy — accompanied the handover of each colony. The declassified documents include copies of an instruction issued in by Iain Macleod , colonial secretary, that post-independence governments should not be handed any material that "might embarrass Her Majesty's [the] government", that could "embarrass members of the police, military forces, public servants or others eg police informers", that might betray intelligence sources, or that might "be used unethically by ministers in the successor government".