As a college student, you are tasked with engaging and expanding your thinking skills. One of the most important of these skills is critical thinking. Critical thinking is clear, reasonable, reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do. You wonder who wrote it and why, because you detect certain assumptions in the writing. You find that the author has a limited scope of research focused only on a particular group within a population. Who are critical thinkers, and what characteristics do they have in common?
Eight Instructional Strategies for Promoting Critical Thinking
Eight Instructional Strategies for Promoting Critical Thinking (Opinion)
Learning Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally, understanding the logical connection between ideas. Critical thinking has been the subject of much debate and thought since the time of early Greek philosophers such as Plato and Socrates and has continued to be a subject of discussion into the modern age, for example the ability to recognise fake news. Critical thinking might be described as the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. In essence, critical thinking requires you to use your ability to reason. It is about being an active learner rather than a passive recipient of information.
Critical Thinking Definition, Skills, and Examples
Developing your critical thinking skills is one of the best ways to set yourself up for ongoing professional and life success. From there, the Critical Thinking Roadmap makes this definition actionable by laying out four phases of growth. The four phases provide a great starting point, but they are, in reality, just the tip of the iceberg. Within each of those skills — execute, synthesize, recommend, and generate — there are a host of sub-skills. In addition to this list of critical thinking skills, many academics often include another skill that we have intentionally chosen to exclude.
On a daily basis, we face problems and situations that should be evaluated and solved, and we are challenged to understand different perspectives to think about these situations. Most of us are building our cognitive thinking based on previous similar situations or experiences. However, this may not guarantee a better solution for a problem , as our decision may be affected by emotions, non-prioritized facts, or other external influences that reflect on the final decision. Therefore, critical thinking tends to build a rational, open-mined process that depends on information and empirical evidence.