Dissatisfied with both socialism and capitalism, John Stuart Mill envisaged a hybrid system in order to specifically promote the individuality of workers. It takes John Stuart Mill the hundreds of pages that make up his Principles of Political Economy to offer a ringing endorsement of no single economic perspective. On the one hand, he offers a defence of some key capitalist principles, especially the value of competition, as a result of which he is often excluded from the socialist camp. On the other, he offers a thoughtful and, indeed, devastating account of the harms wrought by capitalism in late th century Britain and is cautiously optimistic that a properly decentralised socialist system will be able to alleviate them.
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John Locke believes that man ought to have more freedom in political society than John Stuart Mill does. In order to examine how each thinker views man and the freedom he ought to have in political society it is necessary to define freedom or liberty from each philosophers perspective. However Locke does state that man does not have the license to destroy himself or any other creature in his possession unless a legitimate purpose requires it. Locke emphasizes the ability and opportunity to own and profit from property as being necessary to be free. In On Liberty John Stuart Mill defines liberty in relation to three spheres; each successive sphere progressively encompasses and defines more elements relating to political society.
Introduction To Social And Political Society By Kant And John Stuart Mill
Mill believes that such a use in power is unconstitutional and that individuals should be free to express any opinions they wish, even if these opinions may be perceived as controversial or ridiculous. John Stuart Mill recognized that society tends to encourage conformity whether it is through laws the government enforces or if it is through societal pressure. Throughout history, it has been shown that unpopular or heretical views are true or at least a progression towards a greater truth. This brings into perspective that we cannot always know a controversial view is right or wrong until it is brought into the light of discussion and debate.
While Mill focuses freedom on individually and state, Petit argues that pure freedom is not being controlled by anything. Next, I will explain how Mill argues that freedom of thought and expression supports his principle of utility. His theory conceives human rights as rights of citizens rather than of human beings. The theory is construed for a body of people who form a political society rather than the human race forming a moral community. Reality however shows that human nature is not an immutable essence but a mixture of elements and values such as possibilities, interest, power and immunities, dignity, rationality and liberty.