Investigative Genetics volume 3 , Article number: 17 Cite this article. Metrics details. Illegal hunting is one of the major threats to vertebrate populations in tropical regions. This unsustainable practice has serious consequences not only for the target populations, but also for the dynamics and structure of tropical ecosystems.
Wildlife crime: the soft underbelly of organised crime
Corruption and Wildlife Trafficking: Three Case Studies Involving Asia | SpringerLink
As wildlife trafficking or the illegal wildlife trade has taken a more prominent place on the global agenda, discussions are taking place as to how wildlife trafficking happens. An increased understanding has revealed that corruption is a key facilitator of this profitable and pervasive global black market, but limited research has explored exactly what that corruption looks like and how corruption enables wildlife to be trafficked. Furthermore, research shows that Asia, particularly China and Southeast Asia, are focal points for the supply and demand of certain species of wildlife. Through a literature-based investigation, this paper unpacks the role specific acts of corruption play in the trafficking of ivory, reptile skins and live reptiles from, through or to Asia. It is proposed that not only do individual corrupt acts enable wildlife trafficking to happen, but also that corrupted structures the criminal justice system, and economic and political foundations in some societies enable trafficking to happen and also increase the resilience of trafficking to reduction measures.
Wildlife trafficking in the Internet age
Illegal Wildlife Trade [IWT], commonly positioned alongside the illegal drugs and arms trade and human trafficking, is one of the fastest growing illegal markets worldwide. The clandestine character of the IWT trade, and weak controls and enforcement, make it difficult to measure the scale of the trade, though current estimates suggest it is worth between 6 and 20 billion dollars annually. Growing awareness of the widespread impacts of the IWT has led to increased international attention in recent years, evidenced by the role the United Nations, Interpol, Europol, EU and UK have played in bringing together global leaders and stakeholders to help eradicate the trade.
Wildlife crime is believed to intersect with other transnational organised crimes such as drugs, arms and human trafficking. P a nel members at the online event we co-hosted with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC on 16 October r eflected on this topic, and our new briefing paper illustrates how intelligence analysis can lead to a greater understanding of such crime convergence. An official side event at the Tenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime UNTOC , our panellists examined how the cross-cutting nature of wildlife crime can present multiple entry points for law enforcement engaged against organised crime. We were honoured to be joined by several experts on this inter-disciplinary topic.