This African chant mourns the loss of Olaudah Equiano, an year-old boy and son of an African tribal leader who was kidnapped in , from his home far from the African coast, in what is now Nigeria. He was one of millions of Africans who were sold into slavery from the 15th through the 19th centuries. The "many" he refers to are the millions of free Africans who were kidnapped and enslaved, marched to the coast and sold to European slave traders, survived - but more often died on - the notorious "Middle Passage" across the Atlantic Ocean, then sold into slavery most often to forced labor on plantations in South America, the Caribbean and North America. Equiano offers a defense of Africa from an African perspective on cross-cultural relations with Europe, explaining how African systems of servitude differ from the chattel slavery of the Europeans. These and other slave narratives fueled the growing Abolitionist movement in Europe and the U.
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Equiano - Term Paper
The narrative technique used by Voltaire in Candide dates back as far as the Milesian tales, which were short, erotic narratives first collected in the second century. These became the source of such decadent Latin works as Apulius' Golden Ass and Petronius' Satyrican, copies of which Voltaire had in his library. Related works certainly include the late Greek romances, filled as they were with melodramatic incidents involving the separation of families and lovers, shipwrecks, near-miraculous reunions and discoveries; the pastoral romances, many of which included just this sort of material, and the heroic-gallant romance. But basically the structure of Candide is that of the picaresque narrative.
Douglass first does so by exposing how the lesson taught by Christians to help those in need is contradicted by the experiences Douglass has especially with hunger. The Christians at the time rely on scripture to make a case for slavery in America. In black theology the goal is to discern what God is up to and how God is working on behalf of the downtrodden and fighting for them against their oppressors. By appealing to the emotions of the reader, Frederick Douglass can build his argument of how awful slavery was and how the slave owners used Christianity to justify what they did. In the book, Narrative of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, the author uses his language to bring meaning to what he is writing.
Frederick Douglass wrote his narrative as a freeman, therefore, he is able to reflect on his life as a slave and decode the cryptic artifice of his former slave owners. Douglass lived a harsh life in the south before he made his valiant escape to the north, in order to evade further physical and mental torture. Therefore, Douglass is able to understand what it is like to be an invisible entity with a lack of identity, on physical earth.